Fire Extinguisher Installation: What You Need To Know
Fire extinguishers are a fundamental equipment that will protect you and your properties during a fire emergency.
For business and commercial spaces, fire extinguisher installation is legally necessary. It is part of the Fire Safety Order 2005, which states that “…in order to safeguard the safety of relevant persons, the responsible person must ensure that the premises are, to the extent that it is appropriate, equipped with appropriate fire-fighting equipment and with fire detectors and alarms.”
Types of Fire Extinguishers
Fire extinguisher installation is a critical process carried out by architects and fire protection engineers. One of the fundamental things laymen should know is that there are different types of fire extinguishers made to put out different types of fire.
Water fire extinguisher
With a bright red label color, this is used to smother fire involving organic materials like paper, fabric, wood, and coal (Class A Fire). The water from this extinguisher helps cool down the fuel, causing it to burn more slowly until it dies down.
Foam fire extinguisher
This works based on the same principle as the previous type’s. It emits foaming agent that hinders the flame from getting in touch with the fuel. Apart from Class A fires, it can be used to combat Class B fires (flammable liquids).
Dry powder fire extinguisher
This can be used whenever there are Class A, B, and C fires. Class C fires refer to fires involving flammable gases like butane, methane, and hydrogen. Nonetheless, this is not recommended when the fire happens in an enclosed space as there is the risk of re-ignition.
Carbon dioxide fire extinguisher
This is designed to counter fires involving electrical equipment. It can also put out Class B fires. It works by displacing oxygen — the element that helps catalyze a fire.
Wet chemical fire extinguisher
By creating a foam layer on the surface of an oil or fat, this is used to smother cooking oil/fat fires. It can also be used for Class A fires, thanks to the cooling effect its spray provides.
Things to Consider in Fire Extinguisher Installation
British Standard (BS) 5306-3 outlines and contains the standard procedures when it comes to installing and maintaining fire extinguishers.
As for the installation aspect, below are the most important things you need to keep in mind:
Number of fire extinguisher. As a general rule, a business establishment with an area of 400 square meters requires two water fo foam fire extinguisher. An additional extinguisher is needed in every additional 200 square meters. To address electrical fires, a carbon dioxide fire extinguisher is also needed.
The right type of fire extinguisher. As discussed above, there are different types of fire extinguisher. You must install the right type for the risks you’ve identified within your premises.
Location of the fire extinguisher. Extinguishers should be strategically installed in the correct positions in order to maximize its effectivity. Also, an extinguisher should not be installed more than 1.5 meters above the ground or floor.
Signage and label. Adequate signages should also be put up so that the extinguishers can be used to put the corresponding type of fires they’re intended to smother.
Protect yourself and your business and go for fire extinguisher installation along with other fire suppression systems. Contact Westminster Fire Extinguisher Service today!